Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

The Road Traffic Crashes as a Neglected Public Health Concern; An Observational Study From Iranian Population

Wed May 25 20:18:41 2022

(2015) The Road Traffic Crashes as a Neglected Public Health Concern; An Observational Study From Iranian Population. Traffic Injury Prevention. pp. 36-41. ISSN 1538-9588

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Abstract

Objective: Traffic crashes are multifactorial events caused by human factors, technical issues, and environmental conditions. The present study aimed to determine the role of human factors in traffic crashes in Iran using the proportional odds regression model. Methods: The database of all traffic crashes in Iran in 2010 (n = 592, 168) registered through the "COM.114" police forms was investigated. Human risk factors leading to traffic crashes were determined and the odds ratio (OR) of each risk factor was estimated using an ordinal regression model and adjusted for potential confounding factors such as age, gender, and lighting status within and outside of cities. Results: The drivers' mean age +/- standard deviation was 34.1 +/- 14.0years. The most prevalent risk factors leading to death within cities were disregarding traffic rules and regulations (45), driver rushing (31), and alcohol consumption (12.3). Using the proportional odds regression model, alcohol consumption was the most significant human risk factor in traffic crashes within cities (OR = 6.5, 95 confidence interval CI, 4.88-8.65) and outside of cities (OR = 1.73, 95% CI, 1.22-3.29). Conclusions: Public health strategies and preventive policies should be focused on more common human risk factors such as disregarding traffic rules and regulations, drivers' rushing, and alcohol consumption due to their greater population attributable fraction and more intuitive impacts on society.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Bakhtiyari, M.UNSPECIFIED
Delpisheh, A.UNSPECIFIED
Monfared, A. B.UNSPECIFIED
Kazemi-Galougahi, M. H.UNSPECIFIED
Mehmandar, M. R.UNSPECIFIED
Riahi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Salehi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Mansournia, M. A.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: crashes public health Iran alcohol human factors high-school-students risk-factors accidents injuries drivers epidemiology regression models safety Public, Environmental & Occupational Health Transportation
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 36-41
Journal or Publication Title: Traffic Injury Prevention
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 16
Number: 1
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2014.898182
ISSN: 1538-9588
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/600

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