Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Global, Regional, and National Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Years of Life Lost, Years Lived With Disability, and Disability-Adjusted Life-Years for 29 Cancer Groups, 1990 to 2017: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study

Wed May 18 16:50:15 2022

(2019) Global, Regional, and National Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Years of Life Lost, Years Lived With Disability, and Disability-Adjusted Life-Years for 29 Cancer Groups, 1990 to 2017: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study. JAMA oncology. ISSN 2374-2445 (Electronic) 2374-2437 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31560378

Abstract

Importance: Cancer and other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are now widely recognized as a threat to global development. The latest United Nations high-level meeting on NCDs reaffirmed this observation and also highlighted the slow progress in meeting the 2011 Political Declaration on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases and the third Sustainable Development Goal. Lack of situational analyses, priority setting, and budgeting have been identified as major obstacles in achieving these goals. All of these have in common that they require information on the local cancer epidemiology. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study is uniquely poised to provide these crucial data. Objective: To describe cancer burden for 29 cancer groups in 195 countries from 1990 through 2017 to provide data needed for cancer control planning. Evidence Review: We used the GBD study estimation methods to describe cancer incidence, mortality, years lived with disability, years of life lost, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). Results are presented at the national level as well as by Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a composite indicator of income, educational attainment, and total fertility rate. We also analyzed the influence of the epidemiological vs the demographic transition on cancer incidence. Findings: In 2017, there were 24.5 million incident cancer cases worldwide (16.8 million without nonmelanoma skin cancer NMSC) and 9.6 million cancer deaths. The majority of cancer DALYs came from years of life lost (97%), and only 3% came from years lived with disability. The odds of developing cancer were the lowest in the low SDI quintile (1 in 7) and the highest in the high SDI quintile (1 in 2) for both sexes. In 2017, the most common incident cancers in men were NMSC (4.3 million incident cases); tracheal, bronchus, and lung (TBL) cancer (1.5 million incident cases); and prostate cancer (1.3 million incident cases). The most common causes of cancer deaths and DALYs for men were TBL cancer (1.3 million deaths and 28.4 million DALYs), liver cancer (572000 deaths and 15.2 million DALYs), and stomach cancer (542000 deaths and 12.2 million DALYs). For women in 2017, the most common incident cancers were NMSC (3.3 million incident cases), breast cancer (1.9 million incident cases), and colorectal cancer (819000 incident cases). The leading causes of cancer deaths and DALYs for women were breast cancer (601000 deaths and 17.4 million DALYs), TBL cancer (596000 deaths and 12.6 million DALYs), and colorectal cancer (414000 deaths and 8.3 million DALYs). Conclusions and Relevance: The national epidemiological profiles of cancer burden in the GBD study show large heterogeneities, which are a reflection of different exposures to risk factors, economic settings, lifestyles, and access to care and screening. The GBD study can be used by policy makers and other stakeholders to develop and improve national and local cancer control in order to achieve the global targets and improve equity in cancer care.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Global Burden of Disease Cancer, CollaborationUNSPECIFIED
Fitzmaurice, C.UNSPECIFIED
Abate, D.UNSPECIFIED
Abbasi, N.UNSPECIFIED
Abbastabar, H.UNSPECIFIED
Abd-Allah, F.UNSPECIFIED
Abdel-Rahman, O.UNSPECIFIED
Abdelalim, A.UNSPECIFIED
Abdoli, A.UNSPECIFIED
Abdollahpour, I.UNSPECIFIED
Abdulle, A. S. M.UNSPECIFIED
Abebe, N. D.UNSPECIFIED
Abraha, H. N.UNSPECIFIED
Abu-Raddad, L. J.UNSPECIFIED
Abualhasan, A.UNSPECIFIED
Adedeji, I. A.UNSPECIFIED
Advani, S. M.UNSPECIFIED
Afarideh, M.UNSPECIFIED
Afshari, M.UNSPECIFIED
Aghaali, M.UNSPECIFIED
Agius, D.UNSPECIFIED
Agrawal, S.UNSPECIFIED
Ahmadi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Ahmadian, E.UNSPECIFIED
Ahmadpour, E.UNSPECIFIED
Ahmed, M. B.UNSPECIFIED
Akbari, M. E.UNSPECIFIED
Akinyemiju, T.UNSPECIFIED
Al-Aly, Z.UNSPECIFIED
AlAbdulKader, A. M.UNSPECIFIED
Alahdab, F.UNSPECIFIED
Alam, T.UNSPECIFIED
Alamene, G. M.UNSPECIFIED
Alemnew, B. T. T.UNSPECIFIED
Alene, K. A.UNSPECIFIED
Alinia, C.UNSPECIFIED
Alipour, V.UNSPECIFIED
Aljunid, S. M.UNSPECIFIED
Bakeshei, F. A.UNSPECIFIED
Almadi, M. A. H.UNSPECIFIED
Almasi-Hashiani, A.UNSPECIFIED
Alsharif, U.UNSPECIFIED
Alsowaidi, S.UNSPECIFIED
Alvis-Guzman, N.UNSPECIFIED
Amini, E.UNSPECIFIED
Amini, S.UNSPECIFIED
Amoako, Y. A.UNSPECIFIED
Anbari, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Anber, N. H.UNSPECIFIED
Andrei, C. L.UNSPECIFIED
Anjomshoa, M.UNSPECIFIED
Ansari, F.UNSPECIFIED
Ansariadi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Appiah, S. C. Y.UNSPECIFIED
Arab-Zozani, M.UNSPECIFIED
Arabloo, J.UNSPECIFIED
Arefi, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Aremu, O.UNSPECIFIED
Areri, H. A.UNSPECIFIED
Artaman, A.UNSPECIFIED
Asayesh, H.UNSPECIFIED
Asfaw, E. T.UNSPECIFIED
Ashagre, A. F.UNSPECIFIED
Assadi, R.UNSPECIFIED
Ataeinia, B.UNSPECIFIED
Atalay, H. T.UNSPECIFIED
Ataro, Z.UNSPECIFIED
Atique, S.UNSPECIFIED
Ausloos, M.UNSPECIFIED
Avila-Burgos, L.UNSPECIFIED
Avokpaho, EfgaUNSPECIFIED
Awasthi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Awoke, N.UNSPECIFIED
Ayala Quintanilla, B. P.UNSPECIFIED
Ayanore, M. A.UNSPECIFIED
Ayele, H. T.UNSPECIFIED
Babaee, E.UNSPECIFIED
Bacha, U.UNSPECIFIED
Badawi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Bagherzadeh, M.UNSPECIFIED
Bagli, E.UNSPECIFIED
Balakrishnan, S.UNSPECIFIED
Balouchi, A.UNSPECIFIED
Barnighausen, T. W.UNSPECIFIED
Battista, R. J.UNSPECIFIED
Behzadifar, M.UNSPECIFIED
Behzadifar, M.UNSPECIFIED
Bekele, B. B.UNSPECIFIED
Belay, Y. B.UNSPECIFIED
Belayneh, Y. M.UNSPECIFIED
Berfield, K. K. S.UNSPECIFIED
Berhane, A.UNSPECIFIED
Bernabe, E.UNSPECIFIED
Beuran, M.UNSPECIFIED
Bhakta, N.UNSPECIFIED
Bhattacharyya, K.UNSPECIFIED
Biadgo, B.UNSPECIFIED
Bijani, A.UNSPECIFIED
Bin Sayeed, M. S.UNSPECIFIED
Birungi, C.UNSPECIFIED
othersUNSPECIFIED
Divisions:
Journal or Publication Title: JAMA oncology
Journal Index: Pubmed
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2019.2996
ISSN: 2374-2445 (Electronic) 2374-2437 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/2778

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