Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

Hard ticks (Ixodidae) and Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus in south west of Iran

Wed May 25 20:22:52 2022

(2015) Hard ticks (Ixodidae) and Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus in south west of Iran. Acta medica Iranica. pp. 177-81. ISSN 1735-9694 (Electronic) 0044-6025 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25796025

Abstract

Ticks are vectors of some important arthropod-borne diseases in both fields of veterinary and medicine, such as Lyme, tularemia, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and some types of encephalitis as well as Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF). Iran is known as one of the main foci of CCHF in west of Asia. This study was conducted in DarrehShahr County because of the development of animal husbandry in this area to detect the fauna and viral infection of the hard ticks of livestock. A cross-sectional survey was conducted during 2011-2012 with random sampling in four villages. A sample of ticks was subjected to RT-PCR method for detection of viral infection. During the study period, 592 Ixodidae ticks were collected and identified as seven species of Hyalomma asiaticum, Hy. marginatum, Hy. anatolicum, Hy. dromedarii, Hy. detritum, Rhipicephalus bursa and Rh. sanguineus. More than 20 of these ticks were examined to detect the genome of CCHF virus while 6.6 were positive. All species of Hyalomma were found to be positive. A high rate of livestock was found to be infected with hard ticks, which can act as the vectors of the CCHF disease. Regarding infection of all five Hyalomma species captured in this area, this genus should be considered as the main vector of CCHF. Planning control program can be performed based on the obtained data on seasonal activity of Ixodidae to prevent animal infestation as well as to reduce the risk of CCHF transmission.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Sharifinia, N.UNSPECIFIED
Rafinejad, J.UNSPECIFIED
Hanafi-Bojd, A. A.UNSPECIFIED
Chinikar, S.UNSPECIFIED
Piazak, N.UNSPECIFIED
Baniardalan, M.UNSPECIFIED
Biglarian, A.UNSPECIFIED
Sharifinia, F.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Animals Cross-Sectional Studies Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Crimean-Congo/*isolation & purification Hemorrhagic Fever, Crimean/*epidemiology Humans Iran/epidemiology Ixodidae/*virology
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 177-81
Journal or Publication Title: Acta medica Iranica
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 53
Number: 3
ISSN: 1735-9694 (Electronic) 0044-6025 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/1103

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