Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Ilam University of Medical Sciences

The prevalence of visual disorders in Iranian students: A meta-analysis study and systematic review

Fri May 20 03:25:47 2022

(2017) The prevalence of visual disorders in Iranian students: A meta-analysis study and systematic review. Electronic physician. pp. 5516-5524. ISSN 2008-5842 (Print) 2008-5842 (Linking)

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29238492

Abstract

Background: Visual defects have dramatic effects on health, self-esteem, and educational function of students, and delayed diagnosis will cause complications, like academic failure and psychologic disorders. Objective: The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of ocular disorders in Iranian students in a systematic review. Methods: We searched databases, including PubMed, SID, Magiran, Google Scholar, and Iranmedex using the following keywords in Persian and English: disorders, vision, amblyopia, refractive errors, astigmatism, student, and Iran with all the possible combinations, important, chief, and sensitive words. Search resulted in 28 articles, conducted during a period from 1996 to 2014 in Iran and their data was analyzed using meta-analysis and random effects model. Heterogeneity of studies was assessed using I2 index, and data was finally analyzed with R Software and STATA (Version 11.2). Results: Total number of subjects in the study was 1,117,274, aged 2 to 18 years. The prevalence of disorders related to amblyopia, refractive error, and strabismus was 8, 7 and 1, respectively. The greatest amount of refractive error was related to astigmatism (19) followed by myopia (17). Conclusion: According to the study results, the prevalence of visual disorders among Iranian students indicated the critical necessity of screening programs for prevention of visual disorders in this age group.

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Keshavarz, K.UNSPECIFIED
Angha, P.UNSPECIFIED
Sayehmiri, F.UNSPECIFIED
Sayemiri, K.UNSPECIFIED
Yasemi, M.UNSPECIFIED
Keywords: Iran Meta-analysis Prevalence Visual disorders
Divisions:
Page Range: pp. 5516-5524
Journal or Publication Title: Electronic physician
Journal Index: Pubmed
Volume: 9
Number: 10
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.19082/5516
ISSN: 2008-5842 (Print) 2008-5842 (Linking)
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.medilam.ac.ir/id/eprint/1003

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